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Author Schaller, G.
Title Survey of Mountain Wildlife in Xinjiang, Report # 7 Type Miscellaneous
Year (up) 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Xinjiang; Arjin; shan; Kunlun; Taxkorgan; reserve; park; protected-area; China; antelope; wild-ass; argali; blue-sheep; gazzele; wolf; browse; 4290
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Notes Full Text at URL Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 392 Serial 855
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Author Schaller, G.
Title Wildlife Survey in Tibet, Report #8 Type Miscellaneous
Year (up) 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Tibet; survey; Kashi; Xinjiang; antelope; wild-ass; gazzele; argali; blue-sheep; yak; wolf; brown-bear; livestock; hunting; trapping; poaching; browse; 4300
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Notes Full Text at URL Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 418 Serial 856
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Author Schaller, G.B.; Jurang, R.; Mingjiang, Q.
Title Status of snow leopard (Panthera-uncia) in Qinghai-Province and Gansu Province-China Type Journal Article
Year (up) 1988 Publication Biological Conservation Abbreviated Journal
Volume 45 Issue 3 Pages 179-194
Keywords status; population; China; Qinhai-province; Gansu-province; conservation; snow-leopard; Panthera-uncia; prey; ungulates; blue-sheep; marmot; snow leopard; blue; sheep; browse; qinhai province; qinhai; province; gansu province; gansu; panthera uncia; panthera; uncia; 860
Abstract The status and distribution of the snow leopard Panthera uncia was investigated in two provinces of China. The cats occur over about 65,000km2 or 9% of the Qinghai Province, and in a few places along the western edge of Gansu Province. In many areas the animals have in recent decades been decimated or locally eradicated, as have their prey. Counts of wild ungulates in 9 mountain block, totalling 1375km2, known for abundant wildlife, had an average of 1.4-5.4 animals km2, principally blue sheep Psuedois nayaur, which together with marmot Marmota himalayana, represent the snow leopards main prey. Possibly 650 snow leopards survive in Qinghai but shooting and trapping of this legally protected animal and the hunting of blue sheep for local consumtion and export threaten their existence.
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Notes Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI LTD, OXFORD Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 113 Serial 867
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Author Schaller, G.B.; Hong, L.; Talipu, J.; Mingjiang, R.Q.
Title The snow leopard in Xinjiang, China Type Journal Article
Year (up) 1988 Publication Oryx Abbreviated Journal
Volume 22 Issue 4 Pages 197-204
Keywords China; Xinjiang; asia; refuges; parks; reserves; snow-leopard; prey; livestock; predators; herders; fur; management; snow leopard; browse; 930
Abstract Snow leopards live in the mountains of Central Asia, their range stretching from Afganastan to Lake Baikal in Eastern Tibet. They are endangered throughout their range, being hunted as predators of mains livestock and for their skin. Much of the snow leopards range lies in China, but not enough is known about its staus there for effective conservation. As part of a project to assess China's high altitude wildlife resources the authors conducted a survey in Xinjiang- a vast arid region of deserts and mountains. Although the snow leopard and other wildlife have declined steeply in Xinjiang in recent decades, the cta still persists and one area has the potential to become one of the best refuges for the species in its entire range. Its future in XInjiang, howevere, depends on well protected reserves, enforcement of regulations against killing the animal, and proper managemnt of the prey species.
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Notes Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 129 Serial 868
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Author Schmidt, A.M.; Hess, D.L.; Schmidt, M.J.; Smith, R.C.; Lewis, C.R.
Title Serum concentrations of oestradiol and progesterone, and sexual behaviour during the normal oestrous cycle in the leopard (Panthera pardus) Type Miscellaneous
Year (up) 1988 Publication Journal of Reproductive Fertility Abbreviated Journal
Volume 82 Issue Pages 43-49
Keywords captive; Ovulation; Panthera pardus; Progesterone; Serum; sexual behaviour
Abstract Three mature nulliparous female leopards were studied for 5 years. During three separate 6-month periods serum oestradiol and progesterone concentrations were measured at weekly intervals. Oestradiol was elevated over 21 pg/ml for 54 weeks during these 3 periods, and 36 oestradiol peaks (65\m=.\8\m=+-\6\m=.\3pg/ml (mean \m=+-\s.e.m.), range 21\p=n-\172pg/ml) were identified. Daily frequency of feline reproductive behaviours averaged over each week increased from 1\m=.\9\m=+-\0\m=.\2(n = 93) during weeks with low serum oestradiol concentrations (<21 pg/ml) to 5\m=.\3\m=+-\0\m=.\6(n = 54) during weeks when serum oestradiol concentrations (>21 pg/ml) were high. Increased serum progesterone concentrations (13\p=n-\98n/gml) were observed on 5 occasions in 2 leopards housed together. These presumptive luteal phases lasted from 1 to 5 weeks. Baseline progesterone values were 1\m=.\6\m=+-\0\m=.\4 ng/m(nl= 131). No progesterone increments were observed in isolated animals, and serum concentrations remained at baseline levels. These limited observations suggest that female leopards do not require intromission to induce ovulation and luteal function. The average interval between oestradiol peaks for cycles with no progesterone increment was 3\m=.\4weeks (range 1\p=n-\6weeks). The interval for the 3 complete cycles associated with elevated progesterone concentrations was 7\m=.\3weeks. Analysis of sexual behaviours over the 5-year study period revealed no evidence of seasonality in these

captive leopards.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 923 Serial 873
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Author Sitnikov, P.
Title The Death of a Snow Leopard Type Conference Article
Year (up) 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 7-8
Keywords siberia; Ussr; Irkutsk; behavior; interaction; human-interaction; 4150
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Publisher Place of Publication Helsinki, Finland Editor L.Blomqvist
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Notes Full text available at URLTitle, Monographic: International Pedigree Book of Snow LeopardsDate of Copyright: 1988 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 401 Serial 895
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Author Sobanskiy G.G.
Title The cat family. Snow leopard, or irbis Type Miscellaneous
Year (up) 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 89-92
Keywords Russia; Altai; Cats; snow leopard; distribution; number; preys.; 8200; Russian
Abstract In the Altai, there are three cat family species: snow leopard, lynx, and manul. Several tens of snow leopards inhabiting the area along river Argut and its tributaries remained in Altai. They are rarer met in south Altai along the Chikhachev, Shapshal, and Sailyughem ridges. They prey on ibex, wild sheep, roe deer, and moral. They can also attack livestock but would never kill more than one animal.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Game species of the mountainous Altai. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 798 Serial 904
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Author Spitsin, V.; Koshkarev, E.
Title Status and Distribution of Snow Leopard in Kirgizia (U.S.S.R.) Type Conference Article
Year (up) 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 21-23
Keywords Russia; Kirgizia; tracking; status; distribution; habitat; Kirghizia; browse; 1610
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Publisher International Snow Leopard Trust and Wildlife Institute of India Place of Publication Editor H.Freeman
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Notes Full text at URLTitle, Monographic: Proceedings of the Fifth International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: Shrinagar, IndiaDate of Copyright: 1988 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 133 Serial 920
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Author Stevens, A.
Title Rare snow leopard dies after flea bites Type Newspaper Article
Year (up) 1988 Publication Los Angeles Times Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords snow; snow leopard; snow-leopard; leopard
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Notes part 2, page 3 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 1094 Serial 936
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Author Taber, R.
Title Long Term Research in Snow Leopard Conservation Type Conference Article
Year (up) 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 255-259
Keywords conservation; research; habitat; herders; herder; livestock; browse; 1830
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Publisher International Snow Leopard Trust and Wildlife Institute of India Place of Publication India Editor H.Freeman
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Notes Full Text Available at URLTitle, Monographic: Fifth International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: Srinagar, IndiaDate of Copyright: 1988 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 136 Serial 955
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