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Author Gripenberg, U.; Blomqvist, L.; Pamilo, P.; Soderlnd, V.; Tarkkanene, A.; Whalberg, C.; Varvio-Aho, S.L.; Virtaranta-Knowles, K.
Title Multiple Ocular Colomboma (MOC) in Snow Leopards Type Conference Article
Year 1988 Publication Hereditas Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 103 Issue Pages 221-229
Keywords medical; veterinary; medicine; colombomas; browse; 4120
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Publisher Internation Snow Leopard Trust and The Wildlife Institute of India Place of Publication Editor H.Freeman
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Notes Full text available at URLTitle, Monographic: Fifth International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: Srinigar, IndiaDate of Copyright: 1988 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 414 Serial 355
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Author Schmidt, A.M.; Hess, D.L.; Schmidt, M.J.; Smith, R.C.; Lewis, C.R.
Title Serum concentrations of oestradiol and progesterone, and sexual behaviour during the normal oestrous cycle in the leopard (Panthera pardus) Type Miscellaneous
Year 1988 Publication Journal of Reproductive Fertility Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 82 Issue Pages 43-49
Keywords captive; Ovulation; Panthera pardus; Progesterone; Serum; sexual behaviour
Abstract Three mature nulliparous female leopards were studied for 5 years. During three separate 6-month periods serum oestradiol and progesterone concentrations were measured at weekly intervals. Oestradiol was elevated over 21 pg/ml for 54 weeks during these 3 periods, and 36 oestradiol peaks (65\m=.\8\m=+-\6\m=.\3pg/ml (mean \m=+-\s.e.m.), range 21\p=n-\172pg/ml) were identified. Daily frequency of feline reproductive behaviours averaged over each week increased from 1\m=.\9\m=+-\0\m=.\2(n = 93) during weeks with low serum oestradiol concentrations (<21 pg/ml) to 5\m=.\3\m=+-\0\m=.\6(n = 54) during weeks when serum oestradiol concentrations (>21 pg/ml) were high. Increased serum progesterone concentrations (13\p=n-\98n/gml) were observed on 5 occasions in 2 leopards housed together. These presumptive luteal phases lasted from 1 to 5 weeks. Baseline progesterone values were 1\m=.\6\m=+-\0\m=.\4 ng/m(nl= 131). No progesterone increments were observed in isolated animals, and serum concentrations remained at baseline levels. These limited observations suggest that female leopards do not require intromission to induce ovulation and luteal function. The average interval between oestradiol peaks for cycles with no progesterone increment was 3\m=.\4weeks (range 1\p=n-\6weeks). The interval for the 3 complete cycles associated with elevated progesterone concentrations was 7\m=.\3weeks. Analysis of sexual behaviours over the 5-year study period revealed no evidence of seasonality in these

captive leopards.
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ 923 Serial 873
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Author Fox, J.L.; Chundawat, R.S.
Title Observations of snow leopard stalking, killing and feeding behavior Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Mammalia Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 52 Issue 1 Pages 137-140
Keywords India; stalking; killing; feeding; behavior; observations; browse; 850
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Notes Full Text at URLDocument Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 99 Serial 292
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Author Schaller, G.B.; Jurang, R.; Mingjiang, Q.
Title Status of snow leopard (Panthera-uncia) in Qinghai-Province and Gansu Province-China Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Biological Conservation Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 45 Issue 3 Pages 179-194
Keywords status; population; China; Qinhai-province; Gansu-province; conservation; snow-leopard; Panthera-uncia; prey; ungulates; blue-sheep; marmot; snow leopard; blue; sheep; browse; qinhai province; qinhai; province; gansu province; gansu; panthera uncia; panthera; uncia; 860
Abstract The status and distribution of the snow leopard Panthera uncia was investigated in two provinces of China. The cats occur over about 65,000km2 or 9% of the Qinghai Province, and in a few places along the western edge of Gansu Province. In many areas the animals have in recent decades been decimated or locally eradicated, as have their prey. Counts of wild ungulates in 9 mountain block, totalling 1375km2, known for abundant wildlife, had an average of 1.4-5.4 animals km2, principally blue sheep Psuedois nayaur, which together with marmot Marmota himalayana, represent the snow leopards main prey. Possibly 650 snow leopards survive in Qinghai but shooting and trapping of this legally protected animal and the hunting of blue sheep for local consumtion and export threaten their existence.
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Notes Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI LTD, OXFORD Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 113 Serial 867
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Author Gosselin, S.J.; Loudy, D.L.; Tarr, M.J.; Balistreri, W.F.; Setchell, K.D.; Johnston, J.O.; Kramer, L.W.; Dresser, B.L.
Title Veno-occlusive disease of the liver in captive cheetah Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Vet Pathol Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 25 Issue 1 Pages 48-57
Keywords Animal; Feed; analysis; Carnivora; Cheetahs; Female; Hepatic; Veno; Occlusive; Disease; pathology; veterinary; Histocytochemistry; Liver; ultrastructure; Male; Microscopy; Electron; Support; Non-U.S.Gov't; Vitamin A; browse; non; us; gov't; government; 280
Abstract Liver tissues from 126 captive cheetah were evaluated by light microscopy and histochemistry; eight animals were evaluated by electron microscopy. The main hepatic lesion, a vascular lesion resembling veno- occlusive disease (VOD) of the liver and characterized by subendothelial fibrosis and proliferation of smooth muscle-like cells in the central veins, was seen in 60% of the sexually mature cheetah. Although this hepatic vascular lesion was seen in cheetah as young as 1 year of age, the most severe lesions, usually associated with liver failure, were found in cheetah between the ages of 6 and 11. There was no sex predisposition, and in approximately 40% of the VOD cases, liver disease was not suspected clinically or at necropsy. VOD was found in other felidae, especially in the snow leopard. High levels of vitamin A in livers, as well as in diets of the cheetah, could be a contributing factor in the development of VOD in some groups of cheetah.
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ISSN 0300-9858 ISBN Medium
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Notes Document Type: Eng Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 127 Serial 339
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Author Schaller, G.B.; Hong, L.; Talipu, J.; Mingjiang, R.Q.
Title The snow leopard in Xinjiang, China Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Oryx Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 22 Issue 4 Pages 197-204
Keywords China; Xinjiang; asia; refuges; parks; reserves; snow-leopard; prey; livestock; predators; herders; fur; management; snow leopard; browse; 930
Abstract Snow leopards live in the mountains of Central Asia, their range stretching from Afganastan to Lake Baikal in Eastern Tibet. They are endangered throughout their range, being hunted as predators of mains livestock and for their skin. Much of the snow leopards range lies in China, but not enough is known about its staus there for effective conservation. As part of a project to assess China's high altitude wildlife resources the authors conducted a survey in Xinjiang- a vast arid region of deserts and mountains. Although the snow leopard and other wildlife have declined steeply in Xinjiang in recent decades, the cta still persists and one area has the potential to become one of the best refuges for the species in its entire range. Its future in XInjiang, howevere, depends on well protected reserves, enforcement of regulations against killing the animal, and proper managemnt of the prey species.
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Notes Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 129 Serial 868
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Author Karesh, W.B.; Russell, R.
Title Ovarian dysgerminoma in a snow leopard (Panthera uncia) Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Journal Of Zoo Animal Medicine Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 19 Issue 4 Pages 223-225
Keywords medicine; ovarian; Dysgerminoma; veterinary; medical; zoos; zoo; browse; 1520
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Notes Addresses:KARESH WB, WOODLAND PK ZOOLOG GARDENS,5500 PHINNEY AVE N,SEATTLE,WA 98103UNIV WASHINGTON,DIV ANIM MED,SEATTLE,WA 98195 Publisher:AMER ASSOC Z00 VETERINARIANS, MEDIA Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 115 Serial 515
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Author Karesh, W.B.; Asterino, R.
Title Mandibular osteomyelitis in a snow leopard (Panthera-uncia) with a review of osteomyelitis in other species and man Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Journal Of Zoo Animal Medicine Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 19 Issue 3 Pages 137-142
Keywords osteomyelitis; veterinary; medical; medicine; zoo; zoos; browse; 1540
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Notes Addresses:KARESH WB, WOODLAND PK ZOOL GARDENS,5500 PHINNEY AVE N,SEATTLE,WA 98103AVIAN & EXOT ANIM HOSP,HAWTHORNE,CA Publisher:AMER ASSOC Z00 VETERINARIANS, MEDIA Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 132 Serial 516
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Author Schaffer, E.; Wiesner, H.; Von Hegel, G.
Title Multiple ocular coloboma (MOC) with persistent pupillary membrane in the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Tierarztl Prax Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 16 Issue 1 Pages 87-91
Keywords Animal; Carnivora; Case; Report; Coloboma; etiology; pathology; veterinary; Comparative; study; Eyelids; abnormalities; Male; Optic; Nerve; Syndrome; browse; 270; german
Abstract In a litter of three snow leopards, bilateral colobomata of the upper temporal eyelids, bilateral persistent pupillary membranes and a unilateral coloboma of the optic nerve entrance are described as “Multiple Ocular Colobomata” (MOC). The causal pathogenesis of each of the colobomata is discussed comparatively. The colobomata of the eyelids, essential feature of the MOC syndrome in snow leopards, are most probably not of hereditary, but rather of intrauterine infectious viral origin.
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ISSN 0303-6286 ISBN Medium
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Notes Document Type: German Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 112 Serial 851
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Author Koshkarev, E.P.
Title An Unusual Hunt Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Int.Ped.Book of Snow Leopards Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) 5 Issue Pages 9-12
Keywords Tien-Shan; tracking; feces; ibex; hunting; predator; prey; browse; behavior; 940
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Notes Full text available at URLTien Shan High Mountain Physical Geography Staion, Kirghizian Academy of Sciences (Pokrovka) USSRDocument Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 402 Serial 571
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