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Author (up) Abramov V.K. url  openurl
  Title Ecological basis of the conservation of large predators in USSR Type Miscellaneous
  Year 1974 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol.I. Issue Pages 7-8  
  Keywords Ussr; large predators; conservation problems; snow leopard.; 5850; Russian  
  Abstract Problems of conservation of large predators (Felis tigris L., Panthera pardus L., Felis uncia Schreb., Acinonyx jubatus Schreb., Hyaena h¢…†n… L., Cuon alpinus Pall., Ursus maritimus Phipps, U.tibetanus Cuv.) inhabiting territory of USSR are discussed.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Proceedings of 1st International Congress on mammals. Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 564 Serial 31  
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Author (up) Abzalov A.A. url  openurl
  Title Game management development Type Miscellaneous
  Year 1974 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 20 24  
  Keywords Uzbekistan; hunting farm; zakaznik; nature conservation; game species; snow leopard.; 5860; Russian  
  Abstract An issue of wildlife conservation in game preserves, forestries, and sanctuaries is discussed. In some regions of Uzbekistan there are various protected wildlife areas preserving unique and game species: marchor in the Kugitan hunting farm, Bukhara deer the Bukhara region, bear and snow leopard, argali, ibex, wild-boars, snow-cock, partridge, eagle, etc. in the Miraki hunting farm, pheasants in the Karadara forestry. To restore and upgrade the game management level in the country it is required to properly create game preserves, enlarge reproduction activity, strictly follow rules and terms of hunting and cultivate careful and solicitous attitude to wildlife and its resources in all hunters.  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Nature and man. Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 565 Serial 32  
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Author (up) Abzalov A.A. url  openurl
  Title Principles of the nature reserve establishment in Uzbekistan Type Miscellaneous
  Year 1976 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 20-22  
  Keywords Uzbekistan; nature protected areas network; nature conservation; flora; fauna; deserts; mountain; river forest; snow leopard.; 5870; Russian  
  Abstract It provides a brief description of nature reserves network in Uzbekistan: Karakul and Vardanza (in desert); Chatkal, Zaamin, Nurata, and Kyzylsu (in mountains); Aralpaigambar, Kyzylkum, Badaitugai, Zeravshan (riverine forests). Snow leopard is protected in the Chatkal, Zaamin, and Kizilsu nature reserves.  
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  Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Regional problems of sustainable use and protection of biosphere. Proceedings of first session of the scientific council of the Academy of Science of the Uzbek SSR. Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 566 Serial 33  
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Author (up) Adhikari, J.N. url  openurl
  Title Ecological Study of the Snow leopard Uncia uncia (Schreber, 1778) in Langtang National Park, Nepal Type Manuscript
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-53  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Nepal is a country of great natural beauty and of a rich cultural heritage. Nepal has always been a source of great attraction for her beautiful gifts mountains, landscapes, lakes, waterfalls, hillsides and green villages serrated in the form of an endless series of terraces. The entire northern border has silvery peaks of Himalayas and the country is the home of perpetual snow (Majupuria and Majupuria 1999) while southern flank is green mountains of Mahabharata with different size valleys and river duns. Even further south lays fragile lower mountains of Churiya and a little Bhavar and Tarai flat land adjoining to India.

Nepal, a country having peculiar diverse fauna and flora lies between China on the north and India on the east, west and south. It stands on latitude 26°22' to 30°27' N north and its longitude is between 80°4' to 88°12'E east. Its altitude varies from 60 – 220 m in the south rising to north up to world highest peak of Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) 8848 m. Nepal covers of 141,577 sq km land mass with a mean breadth of 200 km provides an opportunity of diverse climate zones from subtropical to nival with sharp microclimatic condition due to its topography. Within this small area, the country has all possible landform features of the earth except the volcanic and coral islands and marine (Sharma 1999). The country experience difference in climate, wild flora and fauna as variation bestowed to physiographic condition.

Nepal lies at the transition between the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan biogeographical realms that contributed a large biological diversity in the country. More than 144 species of spiders, 5052 species of insects, 635 species of butterflies, 2,253 species of moths are on the record. The vertebrates fauna also in diverse form; 184 species of fishes (31 families and 11 orders); 43 species of amphibians (one salamander, four toads and 38 frogs Species); 100 species of reptiles (24 lizards, 4 turtle, two crocodiles and 60 snakes species); 861 species of birds (18 orders); 181 species of mammals (12 orders and 39 families) (BPP 1995 (h), Chaudhary 1998, Majupuria and Majupuria 1998, Shrestha 2003).

There are 16 protected areas in Nepal and among them 3 conservation areas and 5 National Parks lies on northern mountainous zone. Langtang National Park (LNP) is in the central Himalayan region of Nepal, 132 km north of the capital, Kathmandu, bordering, in the northeast, Tibet autonomous region of China. Langtang Lirung (7,245m) is the highest point in the park while lowest elevations drop to about 1,000m on the banks of the BhoteKoshi-Trisuli River. LNP is the second largest mountain National Park of Nepal, which covers 1710 km2 in three districts: Rasuwa, Nuwakot and Sindhupalchowk of Bagmati zone in Nepal. LNP recorded 46 species of mammals including those typical of the area, such as pika, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan Thar, leopard, ghoral, serow, snow leopard, clouded leopard, musk deer and three species of monkeys; Rhesus monkeys, hanuman langur and Assamese monkeys (Chalise 2003). Besides above, 345 species of Birds, 11 species of Herpetofauna, 30 species of fishes, 58 species of butterflies and 10 species of spiders are also recorded (BPP 1995, Khatiwada 2002). My study is focused on one of rarest and protected mountain species, the Snow Leopard.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Kathmandu, Nepal Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Central Department of Zoology, Ecology Program, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ Serial 1324  
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Author (up) Adil, A. url  openurl
  Title Status and Conservation of Snow Leopard in Afghanistan Type Conference Article
  Year 1997 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 35-38  
  Keywords Afghanistan; conservation; status; Palang-i-Barfi; Hindu-kush; Pamir; Ajar; park; parks; reserve; reserves; refuge; hunting; poaching; skin; fur; pelt; coat; distribution; ibex; Marco-Polo; sheep; markhor; predator; prey; protected-area; marco; polo; hindu; kush; browse; 2460  
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  Publisher International Snow Leopard Trust Place of Publication Lahore, Pakistan Editor R.Jackson; A.Ahmad  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Notes Full Text Available at URLTitle, Monographic: Eighth International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: Islamabad, PakistanDate of Copyright: 1997 Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 298 Serial 34  
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Author (up) Afanasiev Y.G. url  openurl
  Title The Karatau nature reserve Type Miscellaneous
  Year 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 20-33  
  Keywords Kazakhstan; Karatau nature reserve; plants; Animals; snow leopard.; 5880; Russian  
  Abstract The Karatau ridge is an extreme north-west spur of the Tien Shan mountain system. Flora of Karatau is represented by no less than 1,500 higher vessel plant species. Karatau and the adjacent areas host 16 reptile species, 114 bird and 42 mammal species. Snow leopard disappeared from fauna of Karatau in 20th century. In 1940-s, the animal species was met at the highest point of the ridge in the Manjilki area, particularly in tract Kor-Djailau. Now there are no snow leopards in the area under study a fact evidenced by local hunters and shepherds.  
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  Language Russian Summary Language Original Title  
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  Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: New nature reserves of Kazakhstan. Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 567 Serial 35  
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Author (up) Ahlborn, G., Jackson, R. url  openurl
  Title A survery of Sagarmatha National Park and the endangered Snow Leopard Type Report
  Year Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-23  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A survey was undertaken of selected parts of Sagarmatha National Park to determine whether snow leopard was present, using techniques developed during a recent in-depth study of the species in west Nepal, using radio-telemetry. Although the species was considered to have been extirpated from the park in the 1970's, occasional reports have originated from trekkers who reported “seeing a snow leopard near Mount Everest (Sagarmatha)”.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ Serial 1340  
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Author (up) Ahlborn, G.; Jackson, R. url  openurl
  Title Marking in Wild Snow Leopards: A preliminary assesment Type Miscellaneous
  Year 1987 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume No. 13 Issue Pages  
  Keywords estrus; estrual-cycle; reserach; behavior; scrapes; sprays; Langu-Gorge; Langu; China; browse; 4800  
  Abstract  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Islt Place of Publication Seattle Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Notes Full Text at URLJournal Title: Snow Line Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 467 Serial 36  
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Author (up) Ahlborn, G.; Jackson, R.M. url  openurl
  Title Marking in Free-Ranging Snow Leopards in West Nepal: A preliminary assesment Type Conference Article
  Year 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 25-49  
  Keywords Nepal; sign; markings; scrapes; spray; scat; habitat; status; behavior; browse; 1630  
  Abstract Describes and Quantifies snow leopard marking behaviour, based primarily on sign, gatherd during a four year study in Nepal. Emphasis is on scrapes and spray markings, detailing their frequency of occurence realtive to habitat characteristics and season. Both sexes mark intensively, sign abundance is associated with intensity of use, and sign is concentrated along breaks in terrain.  
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  Publisher Snow Leopard Trust and the Wildlife Institute of India Place of Publication India Editor H.Freeman  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Notes Full Text at URLTitle, Monographic: Fifth International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: Shrinagar, IndiaDate of Copyright: 1988 Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 102 Serial 37  
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Author (up) Ahmad, A. url  openurl
  Title Environmental impact assessment in the Himalayas: An ecosystem approach Type Miscellaneous
  Year 1993 Publication Ambio Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 22 Issue 1 Pages 4-9  
  Keywords assessment; environmental; Himalayas; impact  
  Abstract The impact of human activities on the Himalayan bio-geophysical, socioeconomic and cultural environments has been analyzed. The main man-induced activities which threaten the equilibrium of Himalayan Mountain ecosystems are unplanned land use, cultivation on steep slopes, overgrazing, major engineering activities, overexploitation of village or community forests, shifting cultivation, unplanned tourism and urbanization. Cold desert conditions prevail in 41 692 square kilometers of the northwestern Himalayas. The geomorphological conditions and arrested succession, checking the climax formation, are major causes of landslides. Sedimentation, changes in surface and groundwater hydrology and clearfelling of broadleaved plant species have caused eutrophication, drying up of natural springs and receding of glaciers. Wild fauna like Musk deer (Moschus mischiferus) and Snow Leopard (Panthera uncial) are now under threat due to changes in their habitats. Population pressure, migration and settlements are major causes of poverty and agglomeration. And jeopardize the Himalayan environment. Based on detailed environmental impact assessment, an ecosystem approach has been proposed for resources conservation and environmentally sustainable development of the Himalayas.  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ 929 Serial 39  
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