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Author Dustov J.
Title Evaluation of current status of large mammals in the Chatkal nature reserve Type Miscellaneous
Year 2002 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 89-92
Keywords Uzbekistan; Western Tien Shan; Chatkal nature reserve; distribution; number; snow leopard.; 6510; Russian
Abstract The counts of species populations such as Menzbier's marmot, roe-deer, ibex, wild boar, wolf, Tien Shan brown bear, and snow leopard has been made on permanent transects in the Chatkal reserve for 18 years. Data on of the population numbers is provided. 11 encounters with snow leopard were registered during a period of 1975 through 1979. Two encounters were recorded in 2000.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Biodiversity of the Western Tien Shan: protection and sustainable use. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 629 Serial 247
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Author Egorov O.V.
Title Enemies, infections, parasites and mortality rate of ibex Type Miscellaneous
Year 1955 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Vol. 42. Issue Pages 37-50
Keywords Ussr; ungulates; predators; snow leopard.; 6520; Russian
Abstract Reasons for ibex and argali mortality from natural enemies, parasites, infections, accidents, and hunters are analyzed. Snow leopard is one of the most dangerous enemies of ibex and argali, preying equally on both young and mature animals (mostly males). Snow leopard feeds upon ibex all year round. Unlike wolf, snow leopard would never kill several animals at a time, but only one selected victim. The food remains left by these predators are different in terms of the skull gnawing. Nasal bones and eye-sockets on the skull of ibex killed by snow leopard remain undamaged, while wolf gnaws off nasal part of the skull, breaks eye-sockets, eats lower jaw, widens occipital hole and pulls out brains. Snow leopard leaves large pieces of skin around the skeleton of the victim, whereas wolf tears it to shreds or eats up fully. Sometimes parts of the victim left by snow leopard are eaten by wolf. It is easy to mix the remains of snow leopard's or griffon vulture's food. The remains differ in skin being turned inside out rather than torn to large pieces.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Proceedings of ZIN of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 630 Serial 251
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Author Elkin K.F.
Title Predatory mammals in the Eastern Kazakhstan Type Miscellaneous
Year 1979 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 34-36
Keywords Kazakhstan; carnivores; snow leopard.; 6530; Russian
Abstract There are 20 predatory mammal species in eastern Kazakhstan, three of which disappeared (tiger, dhole, raccoon), five are endangered (snow leopard, wild cat, manul, marbled polecat, and stone marten). Snow leopard is not met in the South Altai and Tarbagatai each year.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Ecologic fundamentals of protection and sustainable use of predatory mammals. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 631 Serial 252
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Author Epifanov V.M.
Title Fauna Type Miscellaneous
Year 1968 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 29-33
Keywords Uzbekistan; Western Tien Shan; Chatkal nature reserve; fishes; amphibians; reptiles; birds; mammals; snow leopard.; 6540; Russian
Abstract There are three fish species, two amphibian species, nine reptile, 97 bird species, and 23 mammal species, including snow leopard, in the Chatkal reserve. A list of animals and their brief description is provided.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: The land of pristine environment (Guidebook for the Chatkal nature reserve). Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 632 Serial 254
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Author Esipov A.V.
Title Status and Conservation of Snow Leopard in Uzbekistan Type Miscellaneous
Year 1995 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 48-49
Keywords Uzbekistan; Hissar nature reserve; number; distribution; threats; conservation measures; snow leopard; 6600; Russian
Abstract There are two isolated snow leopard populations in Uzbekistan, both of which are located along the fringe of the species' distribution. These groups are the Pamir-Alai and the Tien-Shan, of which are united to snow leopard range in neighboring Tadjikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Apart from animals inhabiting the Hissar Nature Reserve, the Pamir-Alai population consists of animals inhabiting the upper portion of the Tupalang River basin and the mountains around Baisuntau. This population is currently estimated at about 30 individuals, from which as many as 10 individuals are reported to be killed or captured annually. However, we suspect the loss rate is more like five to eight individuals, with the entire Pamir-Alai group in Uzbekistan numbering 22 – 25 animals. The Tien-Shan snow leopard sub-population group of Uzbekistan occupies the high-mountain portions of practically all of the large ridges in the area, including Chatkal, Pskem, Ugam and Talass Alatau. The number of snow leopards harvested from this sub-population appears to be five or seven individuals, with the total number placed at 27-32 individuals. The major factors restricting snow leopard numbers in Uzbekistan appears to be poaching of both snow leopard and its large prey species like ibex, as well as disturbance associated with the intensive development of the alpine lands for pasturing livestock. In order to preserve the snow leopard in Uzbekistan it will be necessary to control and eliminate poaching. Additional habitat could be provided by expanding the Chatkal Nature Reserve by adding lands in the Shavassai River basin as well as Akbulak River basin.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Proceedings of 8th International Snow Leopard Symposium Islamabad Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 638 Serial 255
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Author Esipov A.V.
Title The 56th anniversary of the Chatkal reserve Type Miscellaneous
Year 2003 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume 15 Issue Pages 15
Keywords Uzbekistan; Chatkal nature reserve; fauna; rare species; snow leopard.; 6610; Russian
Abstract Being one of nine nature reserves in Uzbekistan, Chatkal was established in 1947. Its area changed its size and administrative jurisdiction. Foothills adjacent to the nature reserve were long ago inhabited and developed by people. In Middle Ages, the area of juniperous forest reduced considerably because of mining operations. There are rare mammal species in the nature reserve, such as snow leopard, bear, Menzbier's marmot, and six rare bird species
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Guliston Journal Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 639 Serial 256
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Author Esipov A.V.
Title Current state of snow leopard and its main preys in Hissar nature reserve Type Miscellaneous
Year 2000 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 61-67
Keywords Uzbekistan; Hissar nature reserve; number; distribution; threats; snow leopard; Siberian ibex; long-tailed marmot.; 6630; Russian
Abstract An expert evaluation of the numbers of snow leopard and its preys, Siberian ibex and long-tailed marmot, was made on the basis of surveys conducted in Hissar nature reserve in 1999. The total number of the snow leopard is estimated at 12-16 individuals, whereas that of the Siberian ibex at 1000 individuals. An average density of the population of the long tailed marmot ranges at 4,8 individuals per ha. The ratio of the numbers between the snow leopard, Siberian ibex and long tailed marmot is 1:68:450. The major threats for the snow leopard are poaching on the borders of the nature reserve, a decrease in of preys, shrinking of the range in areas adjoining the nature reserve as a result of intensification of industrial activities and disturbing factors. For the Siberian ibex and long tailed marmot the major limiting factors are the shrinking of the areas and deterioration of the forage value of the high-mountain pastures, as well as the direct competition for forage with domestic animals at the sites adjoining the territory of the nature, as well as disturbing factors.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Conservation of biodiversity in strictly protected territories of Uzbekistan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 641 Serial 257
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Author Esipov A.V.
Title Distribution and Numbers of the Siberian Ibex in the Hissar Nature Reserve, Uzbekistan Type Miscellaneous
Year 2002 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 76-78
Keywords Uzbekistan; Hisssar nature reserve; wild ibex; distribution; number; predators; snow leopard.; 6640; Russian
Abstract It describes distribution and number of ibex in four parts of the Hissar nature reserve in Uzbekistan. The total number of ibex is estimated to be 1,500 animals. The natural enemies of ibex are snow leopard, wolf, and lynx. Data about ibex's food, seasonal migrations, and threats are given. Decreasing forage reserve and poaching are considered as the most serious threats. A buffer zone is suggested to be established in the areas adjacent to Tajikistan and the Surkhandarya region of Uzbekistan.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Necessity of nature protection in South Uzbekistan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 642 Serial 258
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Author Esipov A.V.
Title Snow Leopard (Irbis) Type Miscellaneous
Year 2003 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Vol. II. Animals. Issue Pages 218-219
Keywords Uzbekistan; Red Data book; category of threat; number; distribution; threats; snow leopard.; 6650; Russian
Abstract Critically Endangered l (CR C2a(i); D), locally distributed western subspecies of Central Asian species. It occurs in Western Tien Shan and Western Pamir Alay. It inhabits middle and high belts of the mountains. It prefers watersheds and rocky talus slopes. It never was numerous; last decades the numbers have been decreasing. In 1980's-1990's in Hissar nature reserve 5-11 individuals were counted, in 1970's-1980's in Chatkal nature reserve the 1-3 specimens were observed. Perhaps, total number is 20-30 individuals. The threats are development of high mountain pastures, decreasing of prey numbers, human persecution and poaching. Included in the IUCN Red List [EN] and in Appendix I of CITES.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Red Data Book of Republic of Uzbekistan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 643 Serial 259
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Author Esipov A.V.
Title Measure for snow leopard protection in Uzbekistan Type Miscellaneous
Year 1985 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 30-32
Keywords Uzbekistan; distribution; number; threats; protection.; 6620; Russian
Abstract In Uzbekistan, snow leopard (Uncia uncia Schreber, 1776) is met in the mountain ridges of Tien Shan (Karjantau, Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, and possibly Kurama ridges) and Alay (Turkistan, Zaravshan, Gissar, and Baisuntau ridges). There are about 50 snow leopards there. They are observed to decrease in number for the reasons as follows: extensive use of alpine pastures, tourist activity and poaching. Irbis is under protection in the Chatkal, Zaamin, and Gissar nature reserves and Zaamin people's park. An additional measure to be taken to protect this species is to expand the area of the Chatkal nature reserve, to better fight against poaching activity and advocate snow leopard protection in mass media.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Ecology of rare and endangered mammals in south Uzbekistan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 640 Serial 260
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