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Author Ryan, J.A.; Roudebush, P.; Shores, J.
Title Laryngeal obstruction associated with cuterebrosis in a snow leopard (Felis-uncia) Type Journal Article
Year 1990 Publication Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine Abbreviated Journal
Volume 21 Issue 3 Pages (down) 346-352
Keywords Cuterebrosis; medecine; veterinary; medical; zoo; zoos; medicine; browse; 1480
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Notes Publisher:AMER ASSOC Z00 VETERINARIANS, MEDIA Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 160 Serial 837
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Author Mishra, C.; Van Wieren S.; Ketner, P.; Heitkonig, I.; Prins H.
Title Competition between domestic livestock and wild bharal Pseudois nayaur in the Indian Trans-Himalaya Type Journal Article
Year 2004 Publication Journal of Animal Ecology Abbreviated Journal
Volume 73 Issue Pages (down) 344-354
Keywords blue sheep,diet,grazing,rangeland,resource,ungulate,wildlife; 5320
Abstract 1. The issue of competition between livestock and wild herbivores has remained contentious. We studied the diets and population structures of the mountain ungulate bharal Pseudois nayaur and seven species of livestock to evaluate whether or not they compete for forage. The study was conducted in the high altitude Spiti Valley, Indian Trans-Himalaya.

2. We compared resource (forage) availability and bharal population structures between rangelands differing in livestock density. Forage availability was estimated by clipping the standing graminoid biomass in sample plots. Livestock and bharal population structures were quantified through annual censuses. Seasonal diets of livestock were studied by direct observations, while those of bharal were quantified through feeding

signs on vegetation.

3. We found that livestock grazing causes a significant reduction in the standing crop of forage. Graminoid availability per unit livestock biomass was three times greater in a moderately grazed rangeland compared with an intensively grazed one.

4. There was considerable diet overlap among the herbivore species. In summer, bharal, yak Bos grunniens, horse Equus caballus, cow Bos indicus, and dzomo (yak-cow hybrids) fed predominantly on graminoids, while donkey E. asinus, sheep Ovis aries, and goat Capra hircus, consumed both graminoids and herbs. The summer diet of bharal was a subset of the diets of three livestock species. In winter, depleted graminoid availability caused bharal, yak and horse to consume relatively more herbs, while the remaining livestock species fed predominantly on graminoids. Diet overlap was less in winter but, in both seasons, all important forage species in the bharal diet were consumed

in substantial amounts by one or more species of livestock.

5. Comparison of the population structures of bharal between two rangelands differing in livestock density by

c. 30% yielded evidence of resource competition. In the intensively grazed rangeland, bharal density was 63% lower, and bharal population showed poorer performance (lower young : adult female ratios).

6.Synthesis and applications High diet overlap between livestock and bharal, together with density-dependent forage limitation, results in resource competition and a decline in bharal density. Under the present conditions of high livestock density and supplemental feeding, restricting livestock numbers and creating livestockfree areas are necessary measures for conserving Trans-Himalayan wild herbivores. Mediating competitive effects on bharal through supplemental feeding is not a feasible option.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 517 Serial 695
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Author Filonov K.F.
Title Large terrestrial mammals in the reserves of Russia: their status and prospects of conservation Type Miscellaneous
Year 1996 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 343-348
Keywords Russia; nature reserves; large mammals; carnivores; ungulates; distribution; number; snow leopard.; 6680; Russian
Abstract The authors make an analysis of fauna of large mammals in 68 nature reserves. There are 10 carnivores and 17 ungulates. Wolf, brown bear, wolverine and lynx appeared to be more widely spread. Dhole, snow leopard, tiger, Himalayan bear have limited distribution and low density. Hey have recorded in a few nature reserves. Among the ungulates wild boar, musk deer, red deer, roe deer, moose, reindeer and aurochs are more widely spread.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Status of mammal fauna in Russian and adjoining states. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 646 Serial 276
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Author Titar, V.M.; McGregor, T.; Hammer, M.
Title Monitoring of the snow leopard (Uncia uncia Schreber, 1775) in the Talduair massif in the Altai Type Book Chapter
Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 340-343
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Language Russian Summary Language Original Title
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Notes Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ Serial 1146
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Author Mishra, C.
Title Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the Indian trans-Himalaya: Conflict perceptions and conservation prospects Type Journal Article
Year 1997 Publication Environmental Conservation Abbreviated Journal
Volume 24 Issue 4 Pages (down) 338-343
Keywords canis lupis; carnivore; conflict; human-wildlife conflict; India; livestock; livestock depredation; snow leopard; trans-himalaya; Uncia uncia; wolf
Abstract Livestock depredation by the snow leopard, Uncia uncia, and the wolf, Canis lupus, has resulted in a human-wildlife conflict that hinders the conservation of these globally-threatened species throughout their range. This paper analyses the alleged economic loss due to livestock depredation by these carnivores, and the retaliatory responses of an agro-pastoral community around Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary in the Indian trans-Himalaya. The three villages studied (80 households) attributed a total of 189 livestock deaths (18% of the livestock holding) over a period of 18 months to wild predators, and this would amount to a loss per household equivalent to half the average annual per capita income. The financial compensation received by the villagers from the Government amounted to 3% of the perceived annual loss. Recent intensification of the conflict seems related to a 37.7% increase in livestock holding in the last decade. Villagers have been killing the wolf, though apparently not the snow leopard. A self-financed compensation scheme, and modification of existing livestock pens are suggested as area-specific short-term measures to reduce the conflict. The need to address the problem of increasing livestock holding in the long run is emphasized.
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Notes Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 333 Serial 689
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Author Andrienkov V.I.
Title The Besh Aral nature reserve Type Miscellaneous
Year 1990 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 335
Keywords Kyrgyzstan; Besh Aral nature reserve; location; climate; soil; flora; fauna; snow leopard.; 6030; Russian
Abstract It provides general information about the Besh Aral nature reserve (Kyrgyzstan), its physico-geographical characteristic, and description of flora and fauna. The predatory mammals are represented by 12 species. The rare predators are brown bear, snow leopard, lynx, and manul. Snow leopard inhabits the highlands of Chatkal depression and the upper-river Kara-Toko. In the past, snow leopards were seen more often.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Nature reserves of Central Asia and Kazakhstan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 582 Serial 72
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Author Kalashnikova, Y. A., Karnaukhov, A. S., Dubinin, M. Y., Poyarkov, A. D., Rozhnov, V. V.
Title POTENTIAL HABITAT OF SNOW LEOPARD (PANTHERA UNCIA, FELINAE) IN SOUTH SIBERIA AND ADJACENT TERRITORIES BASED ON THE MAXIMUM ENTROPY DISTRIBUTION MODEL Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume 98 Issue 3 Pages (down) 332-342
Keywords Snow leopard, irbis, Panthera uncia, Maxent, habitat model, potential habitat
Abstract The snow leopard is an endangered large felid inhabiting highlands of 12 Asian countries. It is distributed

across vast territories and adequate modern methods are required for mapping its potential habitats. The goal

of the present study is to create a model of snow leopard potential habitat within the northern part of its range

in Russia (and adjacent territories of Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan). More than 5 years of observations

(total number of presence points = 449), environmental variables and the maximum entropy distribution

method (Maxent) are used. The resulting map demonstrates that a suitable habitat (probability of the animal�s

presence between 0.5 and 1) of the northern population of snow leopard in Russia occupies 16500 km2

with a buffer of transient territories (probability between 0.25 and 0.49) covering 32800 km2. Most of a suitable

habitat within the study area is associated with the Altai Mountains, Western Sayan Mountains, Sangilen

Plateau, Tsagan-Shibetu and Shapshal. One third of the suitable habitat lies within areas of a varying protection

status. The results of modeling are of importance both for scientists and conservation managers, as they

allow for leopard occurrence to be predicted, supporting research on and the conservation of the species.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rakhee @ Serial 1480
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Author Naumov S.P.
Title The cats – Felidae Type Miscellaneous
Year 1973 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 330
Keywords Ussr; Felidae; taxonomy; distribution; snow leopard.; 7730; Russian
Abstract Description of Felidae family species (Tigris tigris, D…nthera d…rdus, Unci uncia, Felis silvestris, Felis ocreata, Felis †udtilur…, L¢no l¢no, A¤tŒn¢o jub…tus) is given. Snow leopard inhabited in mountain ridges of Middle and Central Asia.
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Notes 1950Journal Title: Zoology of vertebrates. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 751 Serial 718
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Author Anonymous
Title Resolutions Conservation of Snow Leopard, Seventh International Snow Leopard Symposium Type Conference Article
Year 1994 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 329-331
Keywords resolutions; conservation; management; Khunjerab; Taxkorgan; Sagarmatha; Makalu-Barun; Qomolangma; Transboundry; protected-areas; parks; reserves; refuge; Nepal; Tibet; China; Pakistan; Cites; Slims; eco-development; livestock; herders; conflict; siberia; gobi; Altay; Altai; Mongolia; Arksai; Liqaru; Arba; Ganzi; Baoxin; pollution; pesticides; toxicity; cooperation; status; zoos; zoological-gardens; browse; protected; area; areas; protected area; protected areas; eco development; eco; development; zoological; gardens; zoological gardens; 3530
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Publisher Islt Place of Publication Usa Editor J.L.Fox; D.Jizeng
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Notes Full Text at URLTitle, Monographic: Seventh International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: ChinaDate of Copyright: 1994 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 214 Serial 82
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Author Aristov A.A.
Title Genus Irbises Uncia Gray, 1854. Irbis or snow leopard Uncia uncia (Schreber, 1775) Type Miscellaneous
Year 2001 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 329-336
Keywords Russia and adjacent areas; carnivores; snow leopard; taxonomy; morphology; distribution; biology.; 6050; Russian
Abstract An identification table for genus and species of mammals of Russia and adjacent areas is given. The taxonomy, morphology, distribution and life history of carnivores are described. The features of genus Uncia and species Uncia uncia, geographical variability, distribution, biology and value are described in detail.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: The mammals of Russia and adjacent territories. Carnivores and Pinnipeds. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 584 Serial 97
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