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Author (up) Alexander, J., S., Gopalaswamy, A., M., Shi, K., Hughes, J., Riordan, P.
Title Patterns of Snow Leopard Site Use in an Increasingly Human-Dominated Landscape Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication PLoS ONE Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 1-15
Keywords
Abstract Human population growth and concomitant increases in demand for natural resources pose threats to many wildlife populations. The landscapes used by the endangered snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and their prey is increasingly subject to major changes in land use. We aimed to assess the influence of 1) key human activities, as indicated by the presence of mining and livestock herding, and 2) the presence of a key prey species, the blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur), on probability of snow leopard site use across the landscape. In Gansu Province, China, we conducted sign surveys in 49 grid cells, each of 16 km2 in size, within a larger area of 3392 km2. We analysed the data using likelihood-based habitat occupancy models that explicitly account for imperfect detection and spatial auto-correlation between survey transect segments. The model-averaged estimate of snow leopard occupancy was high [0.75 (SE 0.10)], but only marginally higher than the naïve estimate (0.67). Snow leop- ard segment-level probability of detection, given occupancy on a 500 m spatial replicate, was also high [0.68 (SE 0.08)]. Prey presence was the main determinant of snow leopard site use, while human disturbances, in the form of mining and herding, had low predictive power. These findings suggest that snow leopards continue to use areas very close to such disturbances, as long as there is sufficient prey. Improved knowledge about the effect of human activity on large carnivores, which require large areas and intact prey populations, is urgently needed for conservation planning at the local and global levels. We highlight a number of methodological considerations that should guide the design of such research.
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Call Number SLN @ rakhee @ Serial 1440
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Author (up) Alexander, S., A., Zhang, C., Shi, K., Riordan, P.
Title A granular view of a snow leopard population using camera traps in Central China Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Biological Conservation Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue 197 Pages 27-31
Keywords Snow leopard Camera trap China Density Monitoring
Abstract Successful conservation of the endangered snow leopard (Panthera uncia) relies on the effectiveness of monitoring programmes. We present the results of a 19-month camera trap survey effort, conducted as part of a longterm study of the snow leopard population in Qilianshan National Nature Reserve of Gansu Province, China. Weassessed the minimumnumber of individual snowleopards and population density across different sampling periods using spatial capture–recapture methods. Between 2013–2014, we deployed 34 camera traps across an area of 375 km2, investing a total of 7133 trap-days effort. Weidentified a total number of 17–19 unique individuals

from photographs (10–12 adults, five sub-adults and two cubs). The total number of individuals identified and estimated density varied across sampling periods, between 10–15 individuals and 1.46–3.29 snow leopards per 100 km2 respectively. We demonstrate that snow leopard surveys of limited scale and conducted over short sampling periods only present partial views of a dynamic and transient system.We also underline the challenges in achieving a sufficient sample size of captures and recaptures to assess trends in snow leopard population size and/or density for policy and conservation decision-making
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Call Number SLN @ rakhee @ Serial 1436
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Author (up) Ali, S.M.
Title The Cats of India Type Journal Article
Year 1990 Publication Myforest Abbreviated Journal
Volume 26 Issue 3 Pages 275-291
Keywords lion; clouded-leopard; cheetah; tiger; leopard; snow-leopard; India; Panthera-leo; Neofelis-nebylosa; Acinonyx-jubatus; Panthera-tigris; Panthera-pardus; Panthera-uncia; behavior; ecology; snow leopard; browse; panthera; uncia; pardus; clouded; leo; neofelis; nebylosa; ancinonyx; jubatus; 820
Abstract Describes the range, behaviour and ecology of lion Panthera leo, tiger P. tigris, leopard P. pardus, snow leopard P. uncia, clouded leopard Neofelis nebylosa and cheetah Acinonyx jubatus. -P.J.Jarvis
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ 144 Serial 59
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Author (up) Alibekov L.A.
Title Fauna Type Miscellaneous
Year 1978 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 192-195
Keywords Uzbekistan; Jizak region; fauna; landscape; biotic factors; fishes; reptiles; birds; insects; mammals; snow leopard.; 5970; Russian
Abstract Represented is fauna of big salt-marsh valleys and pre-Kyzylkum area, a tier of low desert foothill valleys, tiers of lowland ridges, deeply cut hillside midlands, and cold highlands of the watershed ridge-top tier in the Jizak region of Uzbekistan. The highest tier of the Jizak region, a habitat of snow leopard, Menzbier's marmot, Siberian ibex, sometimes wild Tajik sheep coming from the East, bear ascending from lower elevations, and wolf in summer, has the most adverse living conditions. Central Asia argali and stone marten inhabit in central part of the North Nurata ridge.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Natural conditions and resources of the Jizak region. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 576 Serial 60
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Author (up) Allabergenov E.
Title Snow leopard or ilvirs Type Miscellaneous
Year 1986 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume 1 122 (6. 013) Issue Pages
Keywords Uzbekistan; distribution; habitats; diet; behavior; snow leopard.; 5940; Russian
Abstract In Uzbekistan, snow leopard can be found in the Turkistan and Gissar ridges, in the mountains of Zaami, and in the Kurama, Chatkal and Ugam ridges. Here it keeps at up to 3,000 4,000 m above sea level. Snow leopard feeds upon wild ungulates ibex and sheep, and sometimes attacks livestock but never man. A brief information concerning peculiarities of snow leopard biology and behavioral patterns is provided.
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Publisher Place of Publication 1986 Editor
Language Russian Summary Language Original Title
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Notes Full text available in Russian Journal Title: Vecherniy Tashkent Newspaper. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 573 Serial 61
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Author (up) Allabergenov E.
Title The cat family Type Miscellaneous
Year 1991 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 16-23
Keywords Uzbekistan; Red Data book; endangered mammals; Cats; snow leopard; 5950; Russian
Abstract It provides field signs and brief comparative characteristic of cat species in Uzbekistan, five of which are included in the Red Data Book of Uzbekistan and the USSR: lynx, caracal, manul, snow leopard and cheetah. Snow leopard is protected in the Zaamin, Chatkal, and Gissar nature reserves. A snow leopard female bears up to five cubs (normally two three) once in two years. Gestation period is 90 days. Female suckles her cubs until they reach the age of three four months.
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Publisher Place of Publication 1991 Editor
Language Russian Summary Language Original Title
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Notes Full text available in Russian Journal Title: Mammals included in the Red Data Book. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 574 Serial 62
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Author (up) Allabergenov E.
Title Predator that will never attack a man Type Miscellaneous
Year 1991 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume 1 207 (7. 896) Issue Pages
Keywords Uzbekistan; distribution; number; diet; behavior; snow leopard.; 5960; Russian
Abstract Irbis is a very endangered species in Uzbekistan. The article provides a brief description of the snow leopard appearance and distribution. Reasons for reduction of snow leopard population is reduction of ungulate populations it preys on ibex and wild sheep and anthropogenic disturbance. Hunting for snow leopard is prohibited everywhere.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Vecherniy Tashkent Newspaper Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 575 Serial 63
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Author (up) Allayarov A.M.
Title Materials on geographical distribution of wild cats in Uzbekistan Type Miscellaneous
Year 1963 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 15-16
Keywords Uzbekistan; Felidae; distribution; habitats; snow leopard.; 5980; Russian
Abstract It describes the distribution and habitats of eight Felidae species in Uzbekistan, such as snow leopard, leopard, lynx, caracal, chaus, manul, sand cat, and steppe cat.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Proceedings of third all-Union meeting on zoogeography of land. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 577 Serial 64
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Author (up) Allen, P.
Title WWF Progress Report: Irbis Enterprises Snow Leopard Conservation Incentive Project Type Miscellaneous
Year 1999 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords irbis; conservation; herders; livestock; economics; Mongolia; gobi; poaching; community-development; development; browse; community; 4100
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Notes Location: Uvs Aimag (Turgen and Tsagaan Shuvuut Strictly Protected Areas)Gobi Altai Aimag (Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area) Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 355 Serial 65
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Author (up) Allen, P.
Title Irbis Enterprises: A Project of the International Snow Leopard Trust Type Miscellaneous
Year 2001 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume 6 Issue 1 Pages 1-3
Keywords Islt; irbis-enterprises; irbis; income; herders; incentive; grazing; limitations; poaching; prey; resentment; livestock; wool; cashmere; conservation; tolerance; predation; education; browse; 4320
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Publisher Place of Publication Columbus Zoo and Aquarium Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
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Notes Full Text at URLJournal Title: The Conservationist Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 420 Serial 66
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