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Author Mallon, D.P.
Title (up) A Further Report on The Snow Leopard in Ladakh Type Conference Article
Year 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 89-97
Keywords Ladakh; India; ecology; Protected-area-network; reserves; parks; refuge; habitat; field study; tracking; scrapes; marking; feces; behavior; status; distribution; browse; 1680
Abstract A detailed knowledge of the ecology of a species is fundemental to the drawing up of effective conservation measures. One aim of the current project was to identify good areas of snow leopard habitatand evaluate them for possible inclusion in the Protected Area Network. Several good areas were surveyed and an outstanding area identified, and included in a report to the Chief Wildlife Warden.
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Publisher Snow Leopard Trust and Wildlife Institute of India Place of Publication India Editor H.Freeman
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Notes Full Text at URLTitle, Monographic: Fifth International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: Srinagar, IndiaDate of Copyright: 1988 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 118 Serial 645
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Author Frueh, R.
Title (up) A note on breeding snow leopards at the Saint Louis Zoo Type Journal Article
Year 1968 Publication Int.Zoo Yearbook Abbreviated Journal
Volume 8 Issue Pages 74-76
Keywords zoos; zoo; breeding; cubs; behavior; browse; 3620
Abstract Breif comments on physical characteristics of the young, care and reproductive behavior of snow leopards
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ 21 Serial 327
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Author Lanier, D.L.; Dewsbury, D.A.
Title (up) A quantitative study of copulatory behaviour of large Felidae Type Journal Article
Year 1976 Publication Behavioural-Processes Abbreviated Journal
Volume 1 Issue 4 Pages 327-333
Keywords behavior; breeding; mating; copulation; veterinary; zoo; zoos; medical; reproduction; browse; 1590
Abstract Observed a total of 109 copulations in 6 male-female pairs from 4 species of large Felidae. The mean intromission durations were 3.0 sec for Asian leopards (Panthera pardus), 3.3 sec for African leopards (P. pardus), 12.9 sec for snow leopards (Uncia uncia), 2.3 sec for spotted jaguars (P. onca), 3.3 sec for black jaguars (P. onca), and 12.4 sec for Siberian tigers (P. tigris). Behavioral patterns were qualitatively similar across species; all displayed a copulatory pattern with no lock, no intravaginal thrusting, ejaculation on a single insertion, and multiple ejaculations. Whereas domestic cats are reported to assume a neck grip and to tread prior to insertion, these larger Felidae generally did so after intromission had been achieved. After copulation, females of some pairs swiped at the male and displayed a rolling after-reaction. (18 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)(unassigned)
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Notes Netherlands: Elsevier Science Publishers BV. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 32 Serial 610
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Author Fox, J.L.
Title (up) A review of the status and ecology of the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) Type Miscellaneous
Year 1989 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords status; ecology; distribution; browse; behavior; Russia; China; Mongolia; Soviet-Union; Pakistan; India; Nepal; Afganastan; Bhutan; mating; sexual-behavior; research; surveys; scrapes; sprays; habitat; 2050
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ 137 Serial 294
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Author Chubykina, H.L., Shilo, R.A.
Title (up) A study of diurnal activity rhythms in snow leopards and lynx (Panthera uncia and Felix lynx) at Novosibirsk Zoo Type Journal Article
Year 1981 Publication International Zoo Yearbook Abbreviated Journal
Volume 21 Issue Pages 193-196
Keywords snow leopard, captivity, activity, behaviors, Novosibirsk Zoo
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ Serial 1211
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Author Shuren, X.
Title (up) An introduction to feeding and management of snow leopard in Xining Zoo, China Type Conference Article
Year 1994 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 177-182
Keywords China; zoos; zoo; captivity; management; diet; behavior; trapping; hunting; breeding; mating; reproduction; browse; 3740
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Publisher Islt Place of Publication Usa Editor J.L.Fox; D.Jizeng
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Notes full text at URLTitle, Monographic: Seventh International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: ChinaDate of Copyright: 1994 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 266 Serial 893
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Author Koshkarev, E.P.
Title (up) An Unusual Hunt Type Journal Article
Year 1988 Publication Int.Ped.Book of Snow Leopards Abbreviated Journal
Volume 5 Issue Pages 9-12
Keywords Tien-Shan; tracking; feces; ibex; hunting; predator; prey; browse; behavior; 940
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Notes Full text available at URLTien Shan High Mountain Physical Geography Staion, Kirghizian Academy of Sciences (Pokrovka) USSRDocument Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 402 Serial 571
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Author Guerrero, D.
Title (up) Animal behavior concerns & solutions: snow leopard (Uncia uncia) evaluation, zoo Type Journal Article
Year 1998 Publication Anim.Keepers' Forum Abbreviated Journal
Volume 25 Issue 2 Pages 56-58
Keywords aggressive-behavior; behavior; captive-animal-care; diets; endangered; threatened-species; genetics; handling-methods; intraspecies-relationships; social-behavior; husbandry; zoos; snow leopard; aggressive; captive; Animal; care; threatened; species; handling; methods; intraspecies; relationships; social; browse; 1310
Abstract The author offers advice on how a captive-raised snow leopard cub could be acclimated to humans so it could be used as a zoo “ambassador”. The cub had negative experiences with humans and lacked socialization with other animals and conspecifics. Methods of avoiding and redirecting the cub's aggressive behavior are suggested. lgh.
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Notes Ark Anim., Inc., P.O. Box 1154, Escondido, CA 92033-1154. e-mail: arkabc@arkanimals.com Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 338 Serial 358
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Author Korytin S.A.
Title (up) Animal's behavior near attractions. Animal's reaction to chasing with dogs. Animal behavior and traps Type Miscellaneous
Year 1986 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 49-51
Keywords Cats; behavior; snow leopard.; 7300; Russian
Abstract It describes trophic behavior of the cat family species (lion, tiger, leopard, snow leopard, cheetah, caracal, reed cat, wild cat and domestic cat), their reaction to dog-chasing and behavioral patterns when trapped. Snow leopards (Uncia uncia) sometime eat dead animals. After killing the prey they take it away. Irbis eats the carcass, half-risen on front limbs, beginning from the chest and front limbs or lower part of belly, usually not touching intestines. It eats slowly and spends a lot of time near the carcass and returns to the carcass several times. Known are cases that two snow leopards, or a snow leopard and wolf eating the prey together. Snow leopard usually keeps birds off the carcass. If a man approaches snow leopard normally goes away, sometimes putting up with his close presence. Escaping from dogs, snow leopard was seen to plunge into the river. When trapped, snow leopard rather easily surrenders to man.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Habits of wild animals. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 708 Serial 551
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Author Freeman, H.
Title (up) Behavior in adult pairs of captive snow leopards (Panthera uncia) Type Journal Article
Year 1983 Publication Zoo Biology Abbreviated Journal
Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 1-22
Keywords behavior; zoo; zoos; captive; captivity; estrus; breeding; mating; veterinary; browse; 1600
Abstract Eight adult pairs of snow leopards (Panthera uncia) were observed for one to three years in the months December through March to determine the species' social and reproductive characteristics in captivity. To statistically examine the occurrence of behaviors as a function of estrus, the observation weeks were divided into three time blocks: before estrus, estrus, and after estrus. Using percentage of scan samples as an estimate of time spent in various behaviors, 16 behaviors and combined behavior categories were examined for (1) behaviors that differentiated successfully from unsuccessfully breeding pairs, (2) sex differences in behavior, (3) significant correlations between pair members, and (4) behaviors that showed time block effects. The rationale for identifying a behavioral profile of successful breeders in snow leopards was to aid zoos in their captive management programs by increasing their knowledge of the social behavior of this species. By finding correlates to breeding success, informed decisions on whether to change partners after a certain period of time, how to group the cats, and the optimum strategy for a survival plan can be made. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved
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Notes Document Type: English Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 60 Serial 319
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