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Author Korytin S.A.
Title Animal's behavior near attractions. Animal's reaction to chasing with dogs. Animal behavior and traps Type Miscellaneous
Year 1986 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 49-51
Keywords Cats; behavior; snow leopard.; 7300; Russian
Abstract It describes trophic behavior of the cat family species (lion, tiger, leopard, snow leopard, cheetah, caracal, reed cat, wild cat and domestic cat), their reaction to dog-chasing and behavioral patterns when trapped. Snow leopards (Uncia uncia) sometime eat dead animals. After killing the prey they take it away. Irbis eats the carcass, half-risen on front limbs, beginning from the chest and front limbs or lower part of belly, usually not touching intestines. It eats slowly and spends a lot of time near the carcass and returns to the carcass several times. Known are cases that two snow leopards, or a snow leopard and wolf eating the prey together. Snow leopard usually keeps birds off the carcass. If a man approaches snow leopard normally goes away, sometimes putting up with his close presence. Escaping from dogs, snow leopard was seen to plunge into the river. When trapped, snow leopard rather easily surrenders to man.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Habits of wild animals. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 708 Serial 551
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Author Dang, H.
Title The snow leopard and its prey Type Journal Article
Year 1967 Publication The Cheetal Abbreviated Journal
Volume 11 Issue Pages (down) 47-58
Keywords India; predator; prey; hunting; status; distribution; kills; behavior; predation; habitat; browse; 2330
Abstract Discusses distribution and habitat of snow leopard in India. Estimates population of 200-400 in entire Himalayan region. Reports seventeen occasions of observing snow leopards in the wild, one involving the killing of Himalayan thar. Discusses snow leopard hunting methods and food habits, and provides evidence of predation from examination of 17 snow leopard kills.
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ 17 Serial 231
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Author Dhungel, S.
Title Conservation of the Snow Leopard in Nepal Type Conference Article
Year 1994 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 47-50
Keywords Nepal; conservation; livestock; herder; herders; poaching; hunting; pelts; fur; coat; skin; distribution; status; behavior; predator; prey; breeding; Himalaya; park; parks; reserve; refuge; protected-area; biology; habitat; scent; spray; tracks; scrapes; home-range; mating; bharal; blue-sheep; goral; tahr; musk-deer; blue; sheep; browse; musk; deer; 3030
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Publisher Islt Place of Publication Usa Editor Fox, J.L.; Jezing, D.
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Notes full text available at URLTitle, Monographic: Seventh International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: ChinaDate of Copyright: 1994 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 306 Serial 241
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Author Kuznetsnov, G.U.; Matyushkin, E.N.
Title The snow leopard hunts Type Journal Article
Year 1980 Publication Int.Ped.Book of Snow Leopards Abbreviated Journal
Volume 11 Issue Pages (down) 44-48
Keywords Russia; Ussr; Soviet-Union; Tien-Shan; hunting; behavior; predator; prey; browse; soviet; union; tien; shan; 3760
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Notes Describes observations of a snow leopard hunting ibex in the western Tien Shan Mountains of USSR. The hunt was unsucceseful, but the account provides information on behavior of both the snow leoaprd and ibex in a predator prey relationship Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 56 Serial 599
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Author Sloane, A.; Kelly, C.; McDavitt, S.; Marples, N.
Title Big cats in captivity: a quantitative analysis of enrichment Type Journal Article
Year 1998 Publication Adv.Etho Abbreviated Journal
Volume 33 Issue Pages (down) 43
Keywords abnormal-behavior; behavior; captive-animal-care; endangered; threatened-species; zoos; enrichment; abnormal; captive; Animal; care; threatened; species; browse; 1280; study; big; big cats; Cats; cat; zoo; effects; Lions; lion; jaguar; snow; snow leopards; snow leopard; snow-leopards; snow-leopard; leopards; leopard; behaviour; using; activity; activities; change; presence; enclosures; range; scent; cage; horse; hides; management
Abstract Studies on three species of big cats at Dublin Zoo have led to firm conclusions about the effects of certain forms of enrichment, some of which will be presented here. Lions, jaguars, and snow leopards were studied over two years and their behaviours quantified using focal animal sampling during selected hours during daylight. By comparison of these activity budgets with and without the enrichments being present, it was possible to identify the exact behavioural changes caused by each enrichment method, and to quantify these changes. In this contribution we present results showing that the presence of a platform in both lion and jaguar enclosures dramatically reduced stereotypic pacing behaviour. We will demonstrate that the effects of short term enrichment devices may have a wide range of effects on behaviours which outlast the presence of the stimulus. For instance scents added to the cage, or food/play items such as horse hides, hidden fish or ice-blocks often reduce pacing and increase resting later in the day, even after the cats have ceased using the enrichment items. This reduction in pacing and increase in resting time often meant that the amount of the enclosure used per hour was actually reduced with the presence of new stimuli, as result opposite to what might have been expected. The results of these studies will be discussed in relation to effective animal management.
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Notes WILDLIFE REVIEW ABSTRACTS (“Contributions to the International Symposium on Physiology and Ethology of Wild and Zoo Animals, Berlin, Germany, 7-10 October 1998”; Hofer, Heribert; Pitra, Christian; Hofmann, Reinhold R., editors). Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 349 Serial 897
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Author Tserendeleg, J.
Title On Protection and Survey of Snow Leopards in Mongolia Type Conference Article
Year 1994 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 43-46
Keywords Mongolia; transects; survey; habitat; conservation; distribution; irbis; herders; Altay; Altai; predator; prey; ibex; argali; hunting; pelts; skins; furs; coats; killing; behavior; activity; scrapes; feces; scat; sprays; mating; breeding; gestation; Pregnancy; browse; Macne; blood-sucking; poison; Blood; sucking; 2890
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Publisher Islt Place of Publication Usa Editor J.L.Fox; D.Jizeng
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Notes Full text at URLTitle, Monographic: Seventh International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: ChinaDate of Copyright: 1994 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 259 Serial 970
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Author Rieger, I.; Peters, G.
Title Observations on the mating and vocal behavior of snow leopards (Uncia-uncia) in zoological garden Type Journal Article
Year 1981 Publication Zeitschrift Fur Saugetierkunde International Journal of Mamamalian Biology Abbreviated Journal
Volume 46 Issue 1 Pages (down) 35-48
Keywords mating; breeding; vocalization; zoos; zoo; veterinary; behavior; browse; 1570
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Notes Publisher:GUSTAV FISCHER VERLAG, JENA Document Type: German Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 59 Serial 821
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Author Ahlborn, G.; Jackson, R.M.
Title Marking in Free-Ranging Snow Leopards in West Nepal: A preliminary assesment Type Conference Article
Year 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (down) 25-49
Keywords Nepal; sign; markings; scrapes; spray; scat; habitat; status; behavior; browse; 1630
Abstract Describes and Quantifies snow leopard marking behaviour, based primarily on sign, gatherd during a four year study in Nepal. Emphasis is on scrapes and spray markings, detailing their frequency of occurence realtive to habitat characteristics and season. Both sexes mark intensively, sign abundance is associated with intensity of use, and sign is concentrated along breaks in terrain.
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Publisher Snow Leopard Trust and the Wildlife Institute of India Place of Publication India Editor H.Freeman
Language English Summary Language Original Title
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Notes Full Text at URLTitle, Monographic: Fifth International Snow Leopard SymposiumPlace of Meeting: Shrinagar, IndiaDate of Copyright: 1988 Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 102 Serial 37
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Author Zhirjakov, V.A.
Title On the ecology of the snow leopard in the Zailisky-Alatau (Northern Tien Shan) Type Journal Article
Year 1990 Publication Int Ped Book of Snow Leopards Abbreviated Journal
Volume 6 Issue Pages (down) 25-30
Keywords Tien-Shan; ecology; China; browse; Kazakhstan; Russia; Soviet-Union; distribution; population; prey; behavior; food-habits; scat-analysis; 3240
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Notes Full text available at URL Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 168 Serial 1078
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Author McCarthy, T.; Khan, J.; Ud-Din, J.; McCarthy, K.
Title First study of snow leopards using GPS-satellite collars underway in Pakistan Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication Cat News Abbreviated Journal
Volume 46 Issue Spring Pages (down) 22-23
Keywords study; snow; snow leopards; snow leopard; snow-leopards; snow-leopard; leopards; leopard; using; collars; collar; Pakistan; uncia; Uncia uncia; Uncia-uncia; habitat; Cats; cat; sound; knowledge; ecology; behavior; conserve; information; radio; radio collars; radio collar; radio-collars; radio-collar; Nepal; 1980; Mongolia; 1990; Gps; Report; Data; Satellite
Abstract Snow leopards (Uncia uncia) are highly cryptic and occupy remote inaccessible habitat, making studying the cats difficult in the extreme. Yet sound knowledge of the cat's ecology, behavior and habitat needs is required to intelligently conserve them. This information is lacking for snow leopards, and until recently so was the means to fill that knowledge gap. Two long-term studies of snow leopards using VHF radio collars have been undertaken in Nepal (1980s) and Mongolia (1990s) but logistical and technological constraints made the findings of both studies equivocal. Technological advances in the interim, such as GPS collars which report data via satellite, make studies of snow leopards more promising, at least in theory.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 1009 Serial 666
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