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Author Aizin B.M.
Title Snow leopard Type Miscellaneous
Year 1985 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 22-23
Keywords Kyrgyzstan; Red Data book; snow leopard; status; distribution; biology; number; fluctuation; protection.; 5930; Russian
Abstract Snow leopard is a rare and endangered species, distributed in all mountain ridges of Kyrgyzstan. Its population is 1,400 animals, density being 0.2 0.5 animal per 1,000 ha. Its population was noticed to decrease in some ridges because of decreasing populations of mountain ungulates. 200 snow leopards were caught for the purpose of zoo-export over the last 20 years. This species is protected in the nature reserves Sary Chelek, Besh Aral, and natural park Ala Archa.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Red Data Book of the Kyrgyz SSR. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 572 Serial 47
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Author Allabergenov E.
Title The cat family Type Miscellaneous
Year 1991 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 16-23
Keywords Uzbekistan; Red Data book; endangered mammals; Cats; snow leopard; 5950; Russian
Abstract It provides field signs and brief comparative characteristic of cat species in Uzbekistan, five of which are included in the Red Data Book of Uzbekistan and the USSR: lynx, caracal, manul, snow leopard and cheetah. Snow leopard is protected in the Zaamin, Chatkal, and Gissar nature reserves. A snow leopard female bears up to five cubs (normally two three) once in two years. Gestation period is 90 days. Female suckles her cubs until they reach the age of three four months.
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Notes Full text available in Russian Journal Title: Mammals included in the Red Data Book. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 574 Serial 62
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Author Bannikov A.G.
Title We must save them Type Miscellaneous
Year 1982 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 49-50
Keywords Ussr; endangered species; Red Data book; snow leopard; biology; distribution; number; captive breeding; conservation.; 6160; Russian
Abstract It describes the USSR's fauna species included in the Red Data Book and gives an assessment of endangered species conservation practices throughout the world. It says about ways and perspectives of conservation and rehabilitation of rare animals in the USSR. It provides brief information concerning snow leopard's biology, distribution, number, opportunities for captive breeding, and international conservation activities aimed to protect this species.
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Notes Full text available in Russian Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 594 Serial 113
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Author Bekenov A.B.
Title About the IUCN categories and criteria for animals inclusion in Red Data Books and lists (project INTAS 99-1483) Type Miscellaneous
Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 67-71
Keywords Kazakhstan; Red Data book; categories of threat; assessment; snow leopard.; 6220; Russian
Abstract Uncia uncia in Kazakhstan is defined as EN C 2a(i); D1. The International Red List (2000) attributes this species to EN C 2a, which is an example of concurrence in the assessments at regional and global levels.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Zoological studies in Kazakhstan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 600 Serial 127
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Author Cherkasova M.V.
Title Predators Type Miscellaneous
Year 1982 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 15
Keywords Ussr; Red Data book; mammals; carnivores; Cats; snow leopard.; 6420; Russian
Abstract Among species included in the Red Data Book of the USSR, predators occupy the first place; of them, unconditional leadership belongs the cat family species. Nine of eleven species of the family are referred to as rare and endangered ones. In the past snow leopard (Uncia uncia) inhabited all mountains on the south of the USSR from Tien Shan and Pamir to Transbaikalia. Now it no longer inhabits many of its previous habitats and has become rare, everywhere. Its total population in the USSR is no more than 1000 animals. At the beginning of XX century there were cases that such an amount of snow leopard (i.e. 1,000) was hunted during one year. Until recently, hunting the species was allowed all year round and even encouraged.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: They must live. Mammals. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 620 Serial 215
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Author Esipov A.V.
Title Snow Leopard (Irbis) Type Miscellaneous
Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Vol. II. Animals. Issue Pages 218-219
Keywords Uzbekistan; Red Data book; category of threat; number; distribution; threats; snow leopard.; 6650; Russian
Abstract Critically Endangered l (CR C2a(i); D), locally distributed western subspecies of Central Asian species. It occurs in Western Tien Shan and Western Pamir Alay. It inhabits middle and high belts of the mountains. It prefers watersheds and rocky talus slopes. It never was numerous; last decades the numbers have been decreasing. In 1980's-1990's in Hissar nature reserve 5-11 individuals were counted, in 1970's-1980's in Chatkal nature reserve the 1-3 specimens were observed. Perhaps, total number is 20-30 individuals. The threats are development of high mountain pastures, decreasing of prey numbers, human persecution and poaching. Included in the IUCN Red List [EN] and in Appendix I of CITES.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Red Data Book of Republic of Uzbekistan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 643 Serial 259
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Author Grachev Yu.A.
Title Snow leopard Uncia uncia Sch. 1775 Type Miscellaneous
Year 1991 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Vol. 1. Animals. Issue Pages 73-75
Keywords Kazakhstan; Red Data boo; category of threat; distribution; number; biology; threats; conservation measures.; 6800; Russian
Abstract Snow leopard is a rare species with shrinking habitat and decreasing population (category III). It is distributed in Tien Shan (the ridges of Karjantau, Ugam, Talas, Kyrgyz, Zailiyskiy, Kunghey, Terskey, Ketmen), Djungar Alatau, Tarbagatai, Saur, and South Altai. This species has disappeared in the Syrdarya Karatau and the mountains of North Tien Shan. Its total number in Kazakhstan is estimated to be 180-200 animals. The threats are reduction of mountain ungulates and poaching. Snow leopard is protected in the Aksu-Djabagly, Alma-Ata, and Markakol nature reserves and the Alma-Ata, Lepsin, and Tokhta sanctuaries. The Djungar nature reserve needs to be established.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Red Data Book of the Kazakh SSR. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 658 Serial 342
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Author Grachev Yu.A.
Title Snow leopard Type Miscellaneous
Year 1996 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Vol.1.Animals. Part 1.Vertebrates. Issue Pages 246-247
Keywords Kazakhstan; Red Data book; category of threat; distribution; number; conservation measure; captive breeding; snow leopard.; 6810; Russian
Abstract Status: rare (Category III). Distribution: Tien Shan mountains, Tarbagatai, Saur and Altai mountains. Total number in Kazakhstan does not exceed 200 individuals. The main threats are poaching and reduction number of preys. In Almaty Zoo captive breeding was successful in 1976 and 1985. Snow leopard is protected in Aksu Jabagly, Almaty and Markakol nature reserves. To ensure the survival of the species it is necessary to establish a reserve in Dzhungar mountains and to improve protection in existing nature reserves.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: The Red data book of Kazakhstan. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 659 Serial 343
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Author Ishunin G.I.
Title Snow leopard Type Miscellaneous
Year 1980 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 26-27
Keywords Uzbekistan; Red Data book; snow leopard; distribution; preys; biology; use.; 6920; Russian
Abstract In Uzbekistan, snow leopard is preserved along the Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, Tirkestan, and Hissar ridges. Ibex is a main prey of the predator. It also preys on argali, wild boar, hares, roe-deers, rodents, kekliks (partridge), and rarely livestock. Catching the animals in the country is limited and exercised under special permissions.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Wild animals of Uzbekistan included in the Red Data Book of the USSR. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 670 Serial 416
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Author Kaletskiy A.
Title They must live Type Miscellaneous
Year 1978 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume N 11. Issue Pages
Keywords Ussr; Red Data book; endangeres species; threats; conservation measures; snow leopard.; 7050; Russian
Abstract Among large predators included in the Red Data Book of the USSR and Red List of IUCN the author describes snow leopard. A population of snow leopard in the USSR is estimated to be 500 animals, and no more than 1,000 in the world. In the past, irbis was believed to be a harmful animal and hunting for this species was encouraged. Today, population of the predator is reducing because of poaching and decreasing number of species it preys on such as ibex, wild sheep, wild boar, and marmots. The situation is exacerbated by biological features of this species first of all its slow rate of reproduction. It is concluded that snow leopard needs urgent protection measures since the species is on the verge of disappearance.
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Notes Full text available in RussianJournal Title: Man and nature. Approved no
Call Number SLN @ rana @ 683 Serial 510
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