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Author Broder, J.; MacFadden, A.; Cosens, L.; Rosenstein, D.; Harrison, T.
Title Use of Positive Reinforcement Conditioning to Monitor Pregnancy in an Unanesthetized Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia) via Transabdominal Ultrasound Type Miscellaneous
Year 2008 Publication Zoo Biology Abbreviated Journal
Volume 27 Issue Pages 78-85
Keywords desensitization; fetal development; operant conditioning; pregnancy detection; primiparous; snow leopard; zoo
Abstract Closely monitoring snow leopard (Uncia uncia) fetal developments via transabdominal ultrasound, with minimal stress to the animal, was the goal of this project. The staff at Potter Park Zoo has used the principles of habituation, desensitization, and positive reinforcement to train a female snow leopard (U. uncia). Ultrasound examinations were preformed on an unanesthetized feline at 63 and 84 days. The animal remained calm and compliant throughout both procedures. Fetuses were observed and measured on both occasions. The absence of anesthesia eliminated components of psychologic and physiologic stress associated with sedation. This was the first recorded instance of transabdominal ultrasound being carried out on an unanesthetized snow leopard. It documents the feasibility of detecting pregnancy and monitoring fetal development via ultrasound.
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ 905 Serial 196
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Author Chaudhuri, S.; Mukherjee, S.K.; Chatterjee, A.; Ganguli, J.L.
Title Isolation of P multocida F-3, 4 from a stillborn snow leopard Type Journal Article
Year 1992 Publication Vet Rec Abbreviated Journal
Volume 130 Issue 2 Pages 36
Keywords Animal; Bacteremia; Blood; browse; Carnivora; Death; Diseases; Female; Fetal; Infections; isolation; microbiology; multocida; Pasteurella; Pregnancy; purification; veterinary
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ISSN 0042-4900 ISBN Medium
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Call Number SLN @ rana @ 187 Serial 214
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