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Author (up) Khatiwada, J.R. & Chalise, M.K. url  openurl
  Title Important fauna of Himalaya around Wetland Type Book Chapter
  Year 2007 Publication Himalayan Wetlands: Risk, Challenges and Opportunities Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 52-58  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Wetlands are classified according to landscape where they are found. For

example they are high altitude wetlands, mountain wetlands. When said high

altitude wetlands, they are lakes, ponds, rivers, glaciers, glacial lakes,

meadows, etc. in high altitude areas. Bhandari (2005) has defined “High

Altitude Wetlands are those types of wetlands which are found above the

elevation of 3,000 masl”. They are generally above the tree line.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Changwon, Ramsar Wetlands Center Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication South Korea Editor Bhandari B.B. & Gea J.J.  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes p. 52-58. Bhandari B.B. & Gea J.J. (Eds.). Himalayan Wetlands: Risk, Challenges and Opportunities. Changwon, Ramsar Wetlands Center, South Korea. Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ Serial 1321  
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Author (up) Khatiwada, J.R. & Chalise, M.K. url  openurl
  Title Status of snow leopard and conflict perception in Kangchenjunga Conservation Area, Eastern Nepal Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Nepalese Journal of Zoology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages 1-8  
  Keywords Uncia uncia, Kangchenjunga Conservation Area, livestock depredation, blue sheep  
  Abstract Kangchenjunga Conservation Area (KCA) is situated in the Taplejung district at the north-eastern region of Nepal. Livestock keeping is the main activity of people for making a living amidst a conflict with snow leopard (Uncia uncia). Each year snow leopard kills a number of livestock resulting significant economic losses for the poor people living in this remote area. Unless the people – snow leopard conflicts is well understood and appropriate conflict management activities are implemented, the long run co-existence between people and snow leopard –especially the existence of snow leopard in this part of the world–will be in question. This has now become an utmost important as the aspiration of the people for economic development has risen significantly and the area has been open to tourism. Study was done by counting snow leopard signs walking systematically in total 18 snow leopard sign transects covering 18.01 km in length in three sites, i.e. Lonak, Khambachen and Dudhpokhari of the Conservation Area. The average sign density was 12.63/km. The livestock depredation by snow leopard for one year (2005-06) was studied by interviewing the herders to understand the responsible and specific bio-physical and economic factors. The study revealed that sub-adult yaks were mostly hunted by snow leopard. Cattle's' winter (December-April) pastures are most vulnerable sites for predation. Presence of bushes, forest and boulders and rugged mountain crevices make good hides for snow leopard. The study also showed that a lax animal guarding system was significantly responsible for high livestock depredation by snow leopard. Blue sheep was observed by walking in selected trails and from vantage points. A total of 354 individual sheep of different age and sex of 14 different herds were recorded during the study period. The study showed that improvement in livestock guarding system should be adopted as the most important activity. However despite the importance of livestock in the KCA it is still not well understood why the herders neglect for proper livestock guarding. Proper guarding system required in winter pastures to reduce the depredation pressure.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes September Approved no  
  Call Number SLN @ rana @ Serial 1319  
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